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Workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany”
14:1' 11/8/2017
The workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany” was organized on November 2nd, 2017 in Hanoi aiming at deriving practical recommendations from German experiences for Vietnamese TVET institutes facing operational, personnel and financial autonomy, the workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET Institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany” was held on 2 November, 2017 in Hanoi.

The workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany” was organized on November 2nd, 2017 in Hanoi aiming at deriving practical recommendations from German experiences for Vietnamese TVET institutes facing operational, personnel and financial autonomy, the workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET Institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany” was held on 2 November, 2017 in Hanoi. The workshop was jointly organized by the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET) and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, in the frame of the Vietnamese-German “Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam”, with the participation of leaders of the Directorate of Vocational Education and Training (DVET), managers and heads of DVET departments and divisions; representatives of concerned ministries and nearly 30 rectors and vice rectors of TVET institutes across the country.

Dr Truong Anh Dung, Deputy Director of DVET, said in his opening remark “In order to reform and improve the TVET system, autonomy is considered a breakthrough. It is the objective of the Vietnamese government to meet the demands of the market and enhance efficiency”.

While regarding full financial autonomy of TVET institutes as critical, the “Programme Reform of TVET in Viet Nam” strongly advocates the flexibility of TVET institutes to develop employment-relevant training offers in cooperation with the business sector.  “In order to pursue this challenging new path, TVET institutes must be given more rights and freedom”, Dr Horst Sommer emphazised in his opening remarks. “Autonomy is only one element in the TVET system. If we turn one element in the system, we have to consider that it shifts the whole system. Therefore, the question concerning roles and responsibilities, freedom and scope of operation, balance between over-regulation and laissez-faire has to be brought forward today.”

Following an overview and orientation by Ms Khuong Thi Nhan, Deputy Director, Department of Planning and Finance, DVET, over the autonomy process in Viet Nam, German experts Tilo Jänsch and Eicke Beckmann provided hands-on practical experiences concerning the operation and financial management of TVET Institutes in Germany.

The German system cannot be copied but lessons can be learnt. Participants of the workshop embraced the chance and entered into a lively discussion with the German experts. Thereby, concrete issues concerning the implementation of demand surveys in the business sector, the development of tailor-made training courses for the business sector, continuous further training of TVET teachers and in-company trainers and quality management were addressed.








The most important concern, agreed by all attendants, is financial autonomy. German experts emphasized that although TVET in Germany is jointly financed by the business sector and the state, the German government massively supports TVET Institutes, with 7.7 Billion € in 2016. Mr Ngo Xuan Thuy, Rector of Quy Nhon Vocational College, who currently pilots the autonomy mechanism, confirmed that “autonomy cannot be carried out solely by TVET institutes and being financed by student fees. Support, and especially financial support from the government is needed.”

In his closing remark, Dr Truong Anh Dung affirmed that autonomy is a very challenging matter but has to be implemented in order to meet the demands and to bring forward the system development to be in line with international practices. Autonomy in TVET has to be implemented comprehensively in terms of task performance, organization and operation and finance where being financially autonomous is the core matter. Implementing autonomy has to be within the state management aiming at effectiveness of the operation and quality of training by TVET institutes; we ought to shift from “fee” to “pricing” in order to ensure sufficient resources for the operation of TVET institutes as well as to ensure support for people in disadvantaged conditions./.

The Office of DVET and Pham Ngoc Anh/GIZ


(The workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany” was organized on November 2nd, 2017 in Hanoi aiming at deriving practical recommendations from German experiences for Vietnamese TVET institutes facing operational, personnel and financial autonomy, the workshop “Scope of Operation of TVET Institutes: Requirements, Rules and Autonomy in Germany” was held on 2 November, 2017 in Hanoi.)
 

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